Abortion has always been a hot topic in US
presidential elections and in the one coming up, it’s even more relevant after
June 24, 2022, when the US Supreme Court (in the case of Dobbs)
overturned the 1973 Roe v Wade ruling which had guaranteed women the right to
an abortion up until the point of foetal viability (about 24 weeks). After the
Dobbs decision, 14 states, including most of the South, have enacted near-total
bans from the moment of conception. Georgia has banned abortion after six
weeks, which is before most women know they are pregnant.
President Joe Biden, a
Democrat and a devout Catholic, supports
access to abortion and has called on Congress to codify protections for the
right to abortion that were guaranteed by Roe. He has said he would veto any
legislation that would ban abortions federally.
It was President Trump who had appointed three
conservative Supreme Court justices, all of whom helped strike down Roe in a
5-4 vote in Dobbs. However, Trump’s stand on abortion seems to be
opportunistic. In early 2023 at a Faith & Freedom convention, Trump
said there should be some role for the federal government on the abortion issue
but most other times has remained skeptical of a federal ban, most recently
saying it is "probably better" to leave it to the states.
Trump’s abortion ban skepticism
has often times annoyed pro-lifers. De Santis thinks Trump
is “not pro-life” and has said that the former president
“flip-flipped” on the issue of abortion.
Most recently, there have been reports that
the ex-president, plans to rebrand as a “moderate” on reproductive rights after
repeated GOP losses on the issue.
DeSantis has made it clear that he plans to be a
"pro-life president." Last April DeSantis signed into law a bill
approved by the Republican-dominated Florida Legislature to ban abortions after six weeks of pregnancy.
DeSantis has not said if he would support a
national abortion ban. However, last September, during the course of
a Republican presidential debate, in
response to q question from Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina, DeSantis said that he would sign a
“15-week limit” on abortion as president.
Just like Trump, Former Vice President Mike
Pence brags about how he helped in the overturning of Roe Vs. Wade with the
appointment of three conservative justices while he was in office.
exceptions for abortion access in the cases of rape, incest and to save the
life of a mother, but not with nonviable pregnancies. He’s called on the rest
of the 2024 field to support a 15-week federal abortion ban, at minimum. Pence is the only major candidate who supports a
federal ban on abortion at six weeks, before many women know they’re pregnant.
He has advocated pulling from the market a widely used abortion pill that has a better safety record than penicillin
The only female Republican candidate has called
for a national "consensus" and to stop "dehumanizing" the
issue. Haley has said that passing a federal abortion ban would be
highly unlikely without more Republicans in Congress. But, she has also said
she would "absolutely" sign a 15-week federal abortion ban into law.
During her time in the state House
of Representatives from 2004 to 2010, Haley backed two “right to life” bills
that would have significantly limited abortion access statewide, although
neither bill ultimately became law.
Vivek Ramaswamy has said he is not
in favor of a federal abortion ban. However, has said he is
"unapologetically pro-life" and believes that "most Americans
share pro-life instincts" too. Vivek prefers to leave regulation of
abortion up to the states.